The word ergonomic is the study of the interaction between
individuals, machines or appliances in their environment that can affect
their performance and productivity.
The purpose of ergonomic is
to assess the interaction, or relationship between each component for
determining optimum performance. Ergonomic therefore examines the
relationship between three elements: the individual, the equipment, the
environment and how they can be improved.
So what, you may ask?
Ergonomic is usually the focus of 'work' as in employment
performance, largely in relation to the operation of machines /equipment
in the employment environment. However, in view of the current economic
climate, there is a growing shift in the employment environment toward
self-employment activities. These activities are largely situated within
the home, where there is less regulation over manual handling and
The new area of home-office performance needs
closer monitoring through ergonomic awareness and education. This is
because many self-employed individuals do not see the dangers inherent
in the repetitive operation of most home office equipment and systems.
most significant equipment to consider is the office chair. A
combination of poor postural balance through improper pelvic control,
usually caused by lack of physical exercise, creates a cyclical pattern
of chronic musculoskeletal injuries.
The environmental can be
improved through helping the individual operating equipment, such as
computer word processing:
1. Assessing the environmental safety of
the individual for the tasks required to be completed. This will
include evaluating the seating and posture of the individual, if
prolonged sitting is going to be encountered during completion of the
2. Evaluating the overall user-interface of the environment for
making the relationship between the individual and the task more
3. Modifying individual tasks for creating more efficient methods
that suit the user's characteristics.
4. Changing the way performance activities are organized for
accommodating individual's physical, psychological and social needs in
Each individual can then be assisted to increase
performance by evaluating comfort levels of the operating station for
reducing fatigue, preventing repetitive injuries and creating a
harmonious working environment.
The human part of any
environmental system should be integrated into the design stage for
effective operating of the whole system. If this is considered at a
later stage, then the performance flow may be restrained through lack of
ergonomic evaluation of the whole system in place.
What Can an
Ergonomic Evaluation provide for your business?
1. Highlight areas
of risk in the human environmental system, along with recommendations
for improvement in productivity.
2. Assessment in comfort levels of key operators for developing a
more energy efficient flow to the operating system.
3. An evaluation of the input and output information flow by
individual's for more energy efficient strategies.
How can an
Ergonomic Evaluation improve your business?
1. It can increase the comfort level of key operators for improving
performance and reduce absenteeism from repetitive strain injuries that
2. Improvement in workstation layout can reduce job demands, risk
factors, repetition and awkward static postures, as they relate to
3. Changes in the geographical positions of individuals and
equipment may lead to improved harmony, plus greater energy efficiency
to the working environment.